Pakistan

Executive Summary of comprehensive package of NAP


PIPS

14 December 2015

Research Article

Ever since NAP has been launched, there has been decline in violence in the country. This decline needs to be sustained by simultaneously addressing the much deeper issues, going beyond the militaristic quick fixes. Without addressing those issues, the fear of return to violence lurks behind. It was in late December 2014 that the Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, responding to the dastardly attack on a school in Peshawar week earlier, rolled out its counter-terror strategy, National... Read More

Sectarian violence in Parachinar: Backgrounder on NAP actions against sectarian terrorists


Safdar Sial

14 December 2015

Research Article

Sectarian terrorists hit a make-shift market in Parachinar on December 13 killing 25 people and wounding more than 60 others. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Al-Aalmi and South Waziristan-based Ansarul Mujahideen separately claimed responsibility for the attack. Historically, Kurram Agency has been a hotspot of sectarian violence between local Sunni and Shia tribes. But in the past few years, situation has significantly improved there. Does December 13 attack indicate that sectarian-oriented terrorists are... Read More

San Bernardino shootout: Backgrounders


PIPS

11 December 2015

Research Article

The December 2 deadly shootout at San Bernardino, United States, by an American couple of Pakistani descents, is raising new questions about their path towards radicalization. Of special curiosity is the embrace of radical ideas by women or the educated youth, especially among the diaspora.   Here are two relevant studies PIPS undertook, that may help in finding the answers Women Radicalization: An Empirical Study This background highlights the need to explore the impact of... Read More

Afghan delegation brainstorms Pak-Afghan media ties at PIPS office


10 December 2015

Events

    A three-member delegation from Afghanistan visited PIPS office in Islamabad, to learn about the need and avenues of Pakistan-Afghanistan media-to-media ties. The delegation included Mr. Abdul Farid, Mr. Sayed Najib Asil, and Mr. Reza Akbari, who worked at Tolo TV, Afghanistan’s popular television network. The meeting noted how Pakistan and Afghanistan have many similarities. Merely because of sharing border, Afghans, in tough times, look towards Pakistan. The... Read More

Fighting terror: institutional structure in the context of NAP


Azam Khan and Aamir Saeed

08 December 2015

Research Article

T he National Action Plan, announced after the December 16 attack, enlists 20 points meant to fight terrorism in the country. To undertake these points, the government constituted several committees. A central coordinating body NACTA was already tasked to collaborate on counter-terror information. Above all, apex committees comprising civil-military leadership were formed in all four provinces, on the same subject. This essay describes the several... Read More

Timeline of NAP actions


PIPS

07 December 2015

Research Article

Timeline of NAP actions When? What? The source? Dec. 30, 2014 The five religious educational boards agreed to consider government proposal of adding modern education in their syllabus. Dawn, December 31, 2014, http://www.dawn.com/news/1154216/seminaries-agree-to-consider-incorporating-modern-education. Jan. 1, 2015 The federal government has set up three special... Read More

Dead wrong


Najam U Din

07 December 2015

Research Article

  Immediately after the December 16 Taliban attack on Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar last year, Pakistan scrapped a six-year informal moratorium on executions, and approved “execution of death penalty in terrorism-related cases”.[1] The executions had been suspended in December 2008. Within a week, by December 24, the federal government facilitated a ‘national consensus’ on a National Action Plan (NAP) to counter terrorism.... Read More

Special courts


Shahzad Akbar

07 December 2015

Research Article

In light of National Action Plan, several military-led special courts have been set up across the country. Today, they operate with secrecy. This sets wrong precedent. In any case, military courts are not the solution to cut in militancy in the long-range. What is needed is a long-term strategy, which, instead of dismantling the constitutional setup, strengthens it. So far, that is still missing. Shrouded in secrecy After the Peshawar carnage, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced... Read More

NACTA, nay activated


Tariq Parvez

07 December 2015

Research Article

One had thought that the horrific terrorist attack on Army Public School in Peshawar in December 2014 would evoke a robust response. Much hope was pinned on the National Action Plan, a list of actions the government announced to fight terrorism in the country.[1]Not least, because the National Counter Terrorism Authority [NACTA], is often taken as a coordinating point of all steps of NAP.[2] This was a decision of fundamental nature for integrating and orchestrating the national counter... Read More

Hate speech and restricted speech: striking a balance


Marvi Sirmed

07 December 2015

Research Article

The twenty-point National Action Plan, announced in the wake of Peshawar school attack, carries almost all aspects of countering terrorism, ranging from the all-out violence to extremism/radicalisation. Much of the news about NAP these days revolves around the issues having short-term significance like special courts and military operation. The issues having impact beyond today are missed out. For example, issues of extremism and radicalisation that lie at the core of the problem of... Read More

Terrorism financing


Safiya Aftab

07 December 2015

Research Article

P akistan’s counter terrorism (CT) efforts often revolve around intelligence gathering, followed by policing, and, in many cases, undercover intelligence-led operations. These are no doubt integral CT components. But for counter-terror efforts to be effective in the longer term, the approach should be multipronged, also focusing on funding of terrorist activities. An important CT activity, therefore, is denting the militant economy, through all... Read More

Stopping the banned groups


Mehwish Rani

07 December 2015

Research Article

W hile the NAP lays down a comprehensive framework for combating the entire spectrum of the terrorist threat in Pakistan, its seventh point calls for taking steps against “re-emergence of banned militant organizations.” Clampdown Almost immediately after NAP was released in January, a spurt of activity followed. Sub committees headed by federal ministers to monitor each point of the plan, were set up, though nothing has been heard about them... Read More

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The Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) is an independent, not-for-profit non governmental research and advocacy think-tank. An initiative of leading Pakistani scholars, researchers and journalists, PIPS conducts wide-ranging research and analysis of political, social and religious conflicts that have a direct bearing on both national and international security.

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